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Mitoyo Kawate
Mitoyo Kawate
Birth: 15 May 1889
Umaki, Hiroshima, Japan
Death: 13 November 2003
Hiroshima City, Hiroshima, Japan
Age: 114 years, 182 days
Country: JapanJPN
Validated

Mitoyo Kawate [Japanese: 川手ミトヨ] (15 May 1889 – 13 November 2003) was a Japanese supercentenarian whose age is validated by the Gerontology Research Group (GRG). She was the world's oldest living person from the death of Yukichi Chuganji on 28 September 2003 to her own death on on 13 November 2003.

Biography

Mitoyo Kawate was born in Umaki, Hiroshima Prefecture, Japan on 15 May 1889. She had four children (a son and a daughter surviving as of 2003). She liked singing, and had a weakness for custard cakes.

At the time of the Atomic bombing of Hiroshima on 6 August 1945, Kawate was on her farm, which was located about six miles away from the downtown. In 1945, two days after the bombing, she entered Hiroshima city in order to look for acquaintances. Being exposed to radiations, she was considered as a survivor of the bombing.

Kawate worked on a farm until she injuring her hands at the age of 99. She moved in a nursing home in Higashi-ku, Hiroshima City in October 1993. Around 2011, she began to become weak.

Following the death of claimed 116-year-old Kamato Hongo on 31 October 2003 (support for her case was later withdrawn), Kawate was reported by Guiness World Records as the world's oldest living person. Some days before her death, she was hospitalized for pneumonia.

Mitoyo Kawate died of pneumonia in Hiroshima City, Hiroshima Prefecture, Japan on 13 November 2003, at the age of 114 years, 182 days.

Longevity Records

Japanese Records

Following the death of 114-year-old Asa Takii on 31 July 1998, Kawate became the oldest living person in Hiroshima Prefecture.

Following the death of 112-year-old Matsuno Oikawa on 3 January 2002, Kawate became the oldest living woman in Japan. Following the death of 114-year-old Yukichi Chuganji on 28 September 2003, she became the oldest living person in Japan. However, she was reported as such following the death of Kamato Hongo (who claimed to be older than both Oikawa and Chuganji) on 31 October 2003, but support for her case was later withdrawn.

On 18 August 2003, Kawate surpassed Asa Takii's age, thus becoming the oldest person who ever lived in Hiroshima Prefecture. At the time of her death, Kawate was the fifth-oldest person who ever lived in Japan, after Tane Ikai, Hide Ohira, Tase Matsunaga, and Yukichi Chuganji.

Worldwide Records

Kawate became the world's oldest living woman on 29 December 2002 with the death of 113-year-old Mae Harrington.

Kawate became the world's oldest living person, upon the death of 114-year-old Yukichi Chuganji on 28 September 2003. However, she was reported as such following the death of Kamato Hongo (who claimed to be older than Chuganji) on 31 October 2003, but support for her case was later withdrawn. She held that title until her own death on on 13 November 2003, a little more than a month later. Her reign lasted only 46 days.

Her death left Ramona Trinidad Iglesias-Jordan of Puerto Rico as the oldest living documented person in the world. However, this was not recognized by Guinness World Records until 2004 (Charlotte Benkner of the U.S. had been given the title in the interim).

References


World's Oldest Living Person Titleholders (VE)

Betsy BakerJennie HowellMarie CarstensonNancy RyanChristina Karnebeek-Backs • Marie Olsen • Mary Kelly • Elizabeth Kensley • William Fullingim • Hannah Smith • John Mosley Turner • Johanna Booysen • Marie Bernatkova • Ada Roe • Josefa Salas Mateo • Alice Stevenson • Elizabeth Watkins • Mito Umeta • Niwa Kawamoto • Sophia DeMuth • Marie-Virginie Duhem • Fannie Thomas • Augustine Tessier • Nellie Spencer • Emma Wilson • Mathew Beard • Augusta Holtz • Mary McKinney • Anna Eliza Williams • Florence Knapp • Jeanne Calment • Marie-Louise Meilleur • Sarah Knauss • Eva Morris • Marie Bremont • Maud Farris-Luse • Grace Clawson • Adelina Domingues • Mae Harrington • Yukichi Chuganji • Mitoyo Kawate • Ramona Trinidad Iglesias-Jordan • Maria Capovilla • Elizabeth Bolden • Emiliano Mercado del Toro • Emma Tillman • Yone Minagawa • Edna Parker • Maria de Jesus • Gertrude Baines • Kama Chinen • Eugenie Blanchard • Maria Gomes Valentim • Besse Cooper • Dina Manfredini • Jiroemon Kimura • Misao Okawa • Gertrude Weaver • Jeralean Talley • Susannah Mushatt Jones • Emma Morano • Violet BrownNabi Tajima • Chiyo MiyakoKane TanakaLucile Randon


Japan's Oldest Living Person Titleholders (V • TE)

Waka Shirahama • Tane Ikai • Sue UtagawaSuekiku Miyanaga • Asa Takii • Tase Matsunaga • Yasu Akino • Denzo Ishizaki • Kayo Fujii • Mie Ishiguro • Matsuno Oikawa • Yukichi Chuganji • Mitoyo Kawate • Ura Koyama • Yone Minagawa • Shitsu Nakano • Tsuneyo Toyonaga • Kaku Yamanaka • Kama Chinen • Chiyono Hasegawa • Jiroemon Kimura • Misao Okawa • Anonymous (Tokyo) • Nabi TajimaChiyo MiyakoKane TanakaFusa Tatsumi


Japan's Oldest Living Woman Titleholders (VE)

Sue Watanabe • Unknown • Tome Yoshida • Haru Komai • Ishi HayashiYoshigiku Ito • Tome Horigome • Haruno Shimada • Mito Umeta • Niwa Kawamoto • Isa Nakayama • Man Ichikawa • Koume Kabira • Matsu Yoshikuni • Koharu Kodaira • Oto Michii • Toka Miyata • Momu Okuma • Ine Tsugawa • Seki Takehara • Waka Shirahama • Tane Ikai • Sue Utagawa • Suekiku Miyanaga • Asa Takii • Tase Matsunaga • Yasu Akino • Kayo Fujii • Mie Ishiguro • Matsuno Oikawa • Mitoyo Kawate • Ura Koyama • Yone Minagawa • Shitsu Nakano • Tsuneyo Toyonaga • Kaku Yamanaka • Kama Chinen • Chiyono Hasegawa • Koto Okubo • Misao Okawa • Anonymous (Tokyo) • Nabi TajimaChiyo MiyakoKane TanakaFusa Tatsumi

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